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Animalia >> Chordata >> Actinopterygii >> Perciformes
>> Sparidae >> Pagrus

Red Sea Bream (Madai)

Pagrus major

Red Sea Bream (Madai)

<16.5cm> Sep.25.2004 Sakai Suido River/Yatsuka/Matsue/Shimane/Japan

Red Sea Breams are found in the coast of Japan, South Korea, China and Taiwan.
I believe Red Sea Bream is the most poplar and beloved fish in Japan. They often be cooked at the wedding and the other cerebration ceremony, because it is red (Red is happy color in traditional culture) and very tasty.
Let me explain its Japanese name "Madai". "Ma" means common and "Dai (Tai)" means bream fish. So "Madai" means common bream fish. On the other side, there are so many fish named "~Dai" even it is not a family of bream. Because old Japanese people had thought bream is one of the basic type of fish. Most of them have roundly and flat shape like this fish.
Red Sea Bream is very important to fisheries, so the government improves seedling production of it, and releases young fish into the sea. So we can easily find juvenile Red Sea Breams in shore. Many people believe seedling production is effective to improve resources. Contrarily, it loose genetic diversity from the breed group. That means their ability to accommodate will be decrease. I think seedling production is one of the way to improve resources, but not the best. To conserve the environment and limiting the catch of herring are the best way for healthy fisheries.

Red Sea Bream face

<16.5cm> Sep.25.2004 Sakai Suido River/Yatsuka/Matsue/Shimane/Japan

Red Sea Bream face

Red Sea Bream face. It is still young small fish though, the face is already adult-like.

Red Sea Bream caudal fin

<16.5cm> Sep.25.2004 Sakai Suido River/Yatsuka/Matsue/Shimane/Japan

Red Sea Bream caudal fin

Their caudal fin has black edge. When you identify, check this. The similar fish Crimson Seabream doesn't have black edge.

Juvenile Red Sea Bream

<12.0cm> Sep.11.2005 Mihonoseki/Matsue/Shimane/Japan

Juvenile Red Sea Bream

A juvenile Red Sea Bream.

Juvenile Red Sea Bream

<12.0cm> Dec.18.2003 Kashima/Matsue/Shimane/Japan

Juvenile Red Sea Bream

A juvenile Red Sea Bream.


Juvenile Red Sea Bream

<11.5cm> Dec.7.2004 Mihonoseki/Matsue/Shimane/Japan

Juvenile Red Sea Bream

I was really impressed when I put this fish on the black board. I could recognize each fin has beautiful blue color.

Parasites in a mouth

<11.5cm> Dec.7.2004 Mihonoseki/Matsue/Shimane/Japan

Parasites in a mouth

Red Sea Breams often have parasites called "Tainoe (Ceratothoa verrucosa)" in their mouth.
This species suck blood and they only live on Red Sea Bream not on the other species.
It looks so disagreeable though, it is totally harmless to human.


 

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